How is disease transmitted?

  • Semen
  • Genital Fluids
  • Blood
  • Breast milk
  • Sharing needles

Not Transmitted By:

  • Shaking hands
  • Touching objects
  • Sharing glasses or cups
  • Closed mouth kissing 
  • Mosquitoes

*Low risks with open mouth kissing unless there is open sore or blood transmission

HIV/AIDS

What is HIV?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 

HIV attacks T cells namely CD 4 cells and decreases the normal immune response which increases the risk of infections and certain cancers.


What is AIDS?

Acquired Immune Deficiency (AIDS)

Most advanced form of HIV infection.

Diagnosis of AIDS

Developing an AIDS defining opportunistic infection or cancer  such as Pneumocystis, TB, toxoplasmosis, Kaposi‚Äôs sarcoma

CD4 count <200/mm3   

Signs and Symptoms

May take 10 YEARS for symptoms to develop.

DISEASE CAN BE SPREAD AT ANY STAGE!!!!

Early diagnosis and treatment prolongs life.

What should you do?

Know Your HIV Status! Know your partner's HIV status!

Abstain !

Practice safe sex!

Treatment for HIV/AIDS

Antiretroviral therapy is used to treat the disease.