Liver Cancer Stats:

  • More common in men (1 in 81) than women (1 in 196)
  • Increasing diagnoses each year in the US
  • 95% are 45 years or older at time of diagnosis
  • More common in Africa and East Asia
  • May originate in liver or bile ducts
  • Can be primary or secondary (spread from other organs such as colon, breast.)

Liver Cancer 

Who is at risk?

Chronic infection: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C 

Excessive alcohol consumption: Cirrhosis, fatty liver

Nonalcoholic fatty liver, Type II diabetes, and Obesity.

Aflatoxins: mold produced by grains and nuts that are not stored a proper temperature; regulated in US

Vinyl chloride exposure

Inherited liver diseases: Wilson’s disease, hemochromatosis

Use of anabolic steroids (performance enhancing steroids

Signs and Symptoms

May not be noticed in early stage of disease

  • unintentional weight loss
  • loss of appetite
  • abdominal pain
  • nausea and vomiting
  • bloating
  • weakness
  • jaundice
  • white or pale stools
  • fever
  • dark urine

What Should you do?

Do not ignore symptoms. Go to your healthcare provider. Inform a close confidant so that you will not be in denial.

Treatment of Liver Cancer

Treatment is tailored for each person based on other health factors, type of cancer and stage of disease. Treatment options may include one or more of the following: surgery, transplant, chemotherapy, radiation, ablation or chemoembolization.

What can you do to decrease risk?

  • Abstain or practice safe sex 
  • Get Hepatitis B vaccine and have titers checked (ask your healthcare provider)
  • Drink alcohol in moderation